The Different Types Of Criminal Law In America

different types of criminal law in America crime lawyers

A criminal trial is conducted when an individual or group is accused of breaking criminal laws set forth by the government. A professional los angeles criminal lawyer can guide you through the process of understanding the specific law that has come to concern you.

The criminal trial can be seen as one of the most important aspects of our criminal justice system because it determines whether suspects are innocent or guilty and what punishment they may face.

Each category of criminal law is governed by different rules and punishments. In America, criminal law is split into three different categories:


Infractions are the least serious type of crime and most often lead to fines.


Misdemeanors typically lead to jail time and make it difficult to get a job or housing in the future.


Felonies are the most serious type of crime in America and often result in jail time, according to former legal services associate Mike Schiemer. These crimes can lead to serious repercussions, lost reputations, and significant loss of freedoms.

If you fall into one of the last two categories, then it will be important that you hire a criminal lawyer to defend your interests. They can make all the difference to proving innocence or to receiving a lighter sentence than might otherwise have been the case.

There are many different crimes covered by criminal law, commonly including:

• Murder

• Theft

• Fraud

• Assault

• Rape

• Drug Trafficking

• Drunk Driving

Let’s look at some of these crimes in more detail.

How Do You Define Theft?

Theft is the unlawful taking of someone else’s property without their consent. It can be charged as a misdemeanor or felony, depending on the value of the stolen goods. In many states, theft is punishable by up to five years in prison.

Criminal lawyers will defend a client no matter how serious the crime committed is. It is good to have someone support you when it may be the first offense and the whole legal process seems completely alien. You cannot expect it to be what it is like on TV. Things are serious now and your life could be about to be turned upside down.

What Is Assault?

Assault is defined as an attempt to cause physical harm to another person. Just like theft, it can be charged as a misdemeanor or felony, depending on the severity of the attack. In many states, simple assault is punishable by up to one year in jail, while aggravated assault can result to five years in prison.

An assault lawyer is a criminal defense lawyer who specializes in defending those accused of assault, who will work to build a case for their client, seeking to have the charges reduced or dismissed altogether. If you are facing criminal assault charges, it is important to speak with a criminal defense lawyer as soon as possible.

What Is A DUI Lawyer?

A DUI lawyer is a criminal defense lawyer who specializes in defending people who have been charged with driving under the influence (DUI). DUI lawyers in Georgia, for example, have extensive knowledge of criminal law and the courtroom process, and they use this knowledge to argue for reduced charges or penalties, or even to have cases dismissed altogether.

If you have been charged with DUI or OUI, it is important to discuss your position with a criminal lawyer.

Criminal Law Conclusion

These are some of the legal explanations surrounding criminal law. Always look to hire a criminal lawyer if you have been accused of any of these crimes. This is preferably before you are charged to give you the best possible legal outcome. Then you can be guided in the right direction by a lawyer who will prepare a defense.

Criminal lawyers are also excellent presenters and defenders when it comes to courtroom proceedings. They know how juries and judges react and how to make things as good as possible for a client who has found themselves in the worst circumstances.